Situated in a vast desert plateau in the southern reaches of Iran, the Bam Citadel rises up like a Phoenix again from the intimating earthquake after being almost entirely levelled in the 2003 Bam Earthquake. Tracing it’s origins back to the 6th century BC in the Achaemenid Period, the oasis town and citadel of Bam didn’t experience it’s golden era until much later in the 7th til 11th centuries when it was one of the key stops on the Silk Route transporting goods between Asia, Europe and the Middle East. Thanks to a series of underground irrigation canals, life was able to flourish in this inhospitable environment and Bam thrived as a trading centre – resulting in the Arg-e Bam, the citadel which today is the best (and most photogenic) example of a medieval fortified town built using mud layers.
Awarded UNESCO World Heritage Status after the devastating earthquake of 2003, heritage experts from within Iran and aboard have worked tirelessly for over a decade to restore the cultural landscape of Bam including orchards, cisterns and many ancient buildings. – around 23,000 hectares – of which the Bam Citadel is only one small part off. Today, 99% of the project to save Bam is complete and the citadel is back ready to accept visitors. Interesting the sections of the Bam landscape have been left on purpose as UNESCO does now allow countries to entirely hide the effects of earthquakes – since Earthquakes themselves are historic events. None the less – the work done to rebuild Bam is nothing short of miraculous, making it now the ‘most quake-proof city in Iran’ and a worthwhile stop on any trip to Iran. Read on to discover the highlights of Bam and its Cultural Landscape.
Ignore all earlier reports that suggest Bam is still closed for business, as of 2018 99% of the reconstruction has taken place and the most interesting areas of the site are all open again for visitors. While work is likely to continue on into the future on some of the less interesting areas (and scaffolding is still in place) there is plenty of interesting spots to see with Arg-e Bam to ensure a incredible visit and that you won’t go away feeling you ‘missed out’ on anything. The most interesting features of the current Bam citadel you cannot miss are:
While the main reason to visit Bam in undoubtably for it’s unique citadel, it would be a shame to go all that way and miss the other components of the Bam Cultural Heritage Landscape – especially if you opt to stay overnight in Bam on the way to or from the Pakistan border. Time – and earthquakes – has been cruel to many of these structures but the desert environment has eroded many in remarkable ways creating a sort of desolate beauty. Who knows if the powers that be will ever get around to repairing many, but for now the other things to do in Bam you shouldn’t miss are:
Most travellers will choose to visit Bam on a return trip from the major town of Kerman (2 hours north driving) however there a variety of other ways to reach Bam if you have other ideas. There are direct flights to Tehran-Mehrabad Airport with both Iran Aseman Airlines and Mahan Air, and can be reached via night-trip on the route Tehran-Kashan-Yazd-Kerman-Bam which continues on to Pakistan. If travelling as a return day-trip from Kerman the most cost-effective option is shared taxi is there is more than one person – We booked for 1.2 million rials from Hotel Akhavan total and the total trip was around 7 hours. You can also take a bus or shared taxi, but the expense of getting to and from drop-off points make these a less desirable option in my opinion.
Planning on exploring more than just one city in Iran? Here are some great other guides and cities to continue on your trip around Iran – or you can just check out these top things to do in Iran. And if you want even more adventure – and to get out into nature while exploring off-the-beaten track in Iran – why not consider hiring a rental car in Iran? What could be better right!
Kerman – A rather plain city surrounded by some of the best desert landscapes in Iran. Get off-the-beaten track and see Iran without the tourists with these 10 Things To See And Do In Kerman Iran.
Isfahan – The most beautiful and grand city in Iran, with 3 UNESCO sites and stunning architecture – This is one city you just cannot miss. On Iran’s Golden Triangle, read the ultimate guide to Isfahan.
Shiraz – Often referred to as the cradle of Persian civilisation, explore multiple ancient ruins, beautiful mosques, delicious food and surreal natural landscapes. Intrigued? See these 12 unmissable things to do in Shiraz, Iran.
Shushtar – A hidden gem if ever there was one, Shushtar is really off-the-beaten track but you will be rewarded by some of the friendliest people in Iran, incredible ancient structures and delicious food! Find out everything you need to visit Shushtar in Iran.
Tabriz – The largest city in Northern Iran with unique Azari culture, the most beautiful bazaar in Iran and with a spectacular mountain backdrop. Read these 12 Epic Things to do in Tabriz, the 2018 Tourism Capital City of Islamic Countries
Tehran – The largest city in Iran often skipped over by travellers. Once you get past the smog and traffic however you will find a relatively liberal city with the largest cultural institutions in the country. Click through to the ultimate guide to Tehran to find out more.
Yazd – An ancient city that appears miraculous out of a desert plateau. Yazd is one of Iran’s biggest highlights and one of the most unique cities on Earth. Check out these 10 amazing things to do in Yazd, Iran.