Amsterdam is a unique and charismatic city with hundreds of reasons to visit. Aside from its reputation as the ‘Cannabis Capital of Europe’, it is also the capital and most populous city of the Netherlands. The city hosts over 20 million tourists per year, with the vast majority only spending the day.
Amsterdam is small and flat, easily accessible by foot, bicycle, or a plethora of public transport. Many arrive by train, with the vast station opening into the heart of the city. Most of the highlights of this cultural hotspot can be seen even if you only have one day in Amsterdam.
Amsterdam originated as a fishing village in the 12th century. The oldest building still standing dates to 1213; the Oude Kerk (Old Church) is the centerpiece of De Wallen, now known as the Red-light District.
The city steadily grew, with a population explosion in the 17th century – the Dutch Golden Age. As a major European center for finance and trade, it was one of the most important ports in the world, and by far the wealthiest occidental city. During this time, Rembrandt was making is mark on the city and art as a whole, arguably one of Amsterdam’s most noted residents.
More than 100 kilometers of Canals, called the Grachtengordel, were built primarily during this golden period. These passages into the heart of the city facilitated the massive trade that drove Amsterdam’s growth. They’re now a recognized UNESCO world heritage site, along with the iconic gabled houses that typified the Dutch Renaissance style.
Stepped-gable roofs are seen all around the historic parts of the city, the consequence of vast, planned expansions over the last 200 years. This growth brought immigration, business and wealth, housing such citizens as Vincent van Gogh, the golden boy of Amsterdam. While the World Wars weren’t kind to the region, with Anne Frank’s story unfolding in the city, it was rebuilt to the Alpha World City it is today.
Amsterdam is situated on the banks of the Amstel River, from where it gained its name. It forms part of the vast network of waterways in the region, connecting all the way out to the North Sea.
This proximity to water on nearly all sides results in a generally oceanic climate. Amsterdam boasts mild weather year-round, but precipitation abounds. Snow is rare, but rain is frequent; the summers often provide at least a few weeks of sun and warmth.
Like most of the surrounding ‘low countries’, the concept that gave the Netherlands its name, Amsterdam is very flat. The strongest inclines you’re likely to encounter are the bridges that span the plethora of canals. This makes the city ideal to explore on foot or by bicycle; it explains the fact that there are more bikes in the city than residents.
Amsterdam is consistently rated one of the best cities to live in globally, along with ranking on many ‘Top 10 Tourist Destination’ lists. The city hosts over 20 million tourists per year, drawing frequent comparisons to the likes of Venice. The vast majority of visitors only spend one day in Amsterdam.
Even with many tourists leaving by sunset, the city is known for its nightclubs (or discotheques) and nightlife. Leidseplein is home to the world-renowned Paradiso and Melkweg. Some of the biggest names in EDM made their name in Amsterdam, namely Tiesto and Armin van Buuren.
Outside the discotheques, the music and vibrancy extends into the streets and public places. Amsterdam stages over 150 festivals every year, ranging from music to flowers to food. Their Pride festival, usually in late July, displays one of the more unique parades in the world: floats that actually float, down the canals of the city.
Pride exists year-round in the LGBTQ community centered around the Reguliersdwarsstraat, always ablaze with rainbow flags as far as the eye can see. From cafes and bars, to sex-shops and bookstores, everything is gay-focussed or at least very gay-friendly.
The rest of the city is equally festive, abounding with shopping streets, outdoor markets and a panoply of street vendors. Perhaps one of the best ways to see the city, is to avoid the streets altogether: boat tours through the canals are frequent and offer views that can’t be seen any other way.
Amsterdam isn’t so much about where to eat, but more about what to eat, while you’re there. Like many other large European cities, it still has a selection of over 25 Michelin-starred restaurants. The true heart of Amsterdam cuisine, however, is found in the bars and pubs along the canals.
Nearly all meals, after breakfast, are accompanied by a beer; the green bottles and red star of Heineken, the local offering, are hard to avoid. Their original brewery, dating to 1864, has been turned into an attraction, the Heineken Experience Museum. Amstel is also a local favorite, named for the same river that runs beside the city.
Amsterdam is the perfect place to sample the local and national delicacies and treats. Strong beers emanating from Belgium and Germany have honed the craft of snack foods, with mouth-watering fried selections:
If you only have a few hours in Amsterdam, the cannabis coffee-shops are often the first, and sometimes the only, stop worth making. If you’d rather avoid this particular aspect of the city, De Wallen, or the red-light district is truly a unique location for a stroll, especially at night.
Amsterdam is a cultural and historic hotspot with something for everyone. By bike, boat or foot; the city is a wonder to behold. Exploring the museums, districts, and coffee-shops will provide exciting and memorable experiences. Even with only one day in Amsterdam, it’s sure to be a visit you won’t soon forget.
If you are on the Eurail pass and want to quickly explore more spots in the area, we also highly recommend Eindhoven, Rotterdam, Dusseldorf, and Brussels – all less than 2 hours away. Further afield you might also consider Paris or Copenhagen.
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